Neck pain

Neck pain is a common reason people visit their doctor. Neck pain typically doesn’t start from a single injury. Instead, the problem usually develops over time from the stress and strain of daily activities. Eventually, the parts of the spine begin to degenerate. The degeneration can become a source of neck pain.

Knowing how your neck normally works and why you feel pain are important in helping you care for your neck problem. Patients are often less anxious and more satisfied with their care when they have the information they need to make the best decisions about their condition.

The part of the spine that moves through the neck is called the cervical spine.

The important parts of the cervical spine​

  • Bones and joints- Facet joints between two vertebrae.
  • Nerves- The spinal cord passes through the bony ring formed by the bone. The cord travels down from the spinal column and gives two large branches to the right side and left side of the body. The nerves coming out of cervical spine supply the arms and hands.
  • Connective tissues- The ligaments that bind the entire spine together are the connective tissue.
  • Muscles

Common causes of neck pain

  • Spondylosis
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Muscle Strain
  • Mechanical Neck pain
  • Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve)
  • Degeneration – Arthritis
  • Torticolis
  • Herniated Disc
  • Spinal Instability
  • Spinal Stenosis (Cervical Myelopathy)

Symptoms

  • Neck pain
  • Headaches
  • Pain spreading into the upper back or down the arm ( Radiating pain).
  • Neck stiffness and reduced range of motion
  • Muscle weakness in the shoulder, arm, or hand.
  • Sensory changes (numbness, prickling, or tingling) in the forearm, hand, or fingers.
  • Trouble with gripping objects or lifting them.

Treatment options

  • Nonsurgical Treatment – This sort of treatment usually helps to ease the daily life activities and improve the strength.
  • Medications- There are medication in order to reduce the inflammation but no medicine can cure neck pain.
  • Soft Neck Collar- the neck collar helps the neck muscles to rest for a short duration of time. Resting the muscles can help reduce inflammation, spasm and calm pain.
  • Ice and Heat application
  • Physiotherapy- stretching can help relax the muscle post heat application, followed by cervical mobilization according to the condition and the contraindications provided. Strengthening exercise can be given in order to maintain the power of muscles and get back to routine activities.
  • Injections -The injection having mixture of an anesthetic and some sort of cortisone preparation. Cortisone helps reduce the inflammation and anesthesia helps in relieving pain immediately.